Chapter 21 – Cardiovascular Disease: Risks, Prevention, and Treatment_Chapter 15 – Cardiovascular Disease: Risks, Prevention, and Treatment1.How many ".doc
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Chapter 15 – Cardiovascular Disease: Risks, Prevention, and Treatment
1.How many chambers does the heart have?
2.The right ventricle of the heart
A.pumps oxygen-poor blood to the lungs.
B.receives oxygen-poor blood from the body.
C.pumps oxygen-rich blood to the body.
D.receives oxygen-rich blood from the lungs.
3.The leading cause of death in the United States is
4.Which of the following statements about atherosclerosis is FALSE?
A.It is a progressive progress that begins at a young age.
B.It starts with a fatty streak - an accumulation of lipoproteins.
C.Heart disease, stroke, and peripheral vascular disease are all due to atherosclerosis.
D.It is an irreversible process.
5.Sy had a myocardial infarction; in other words, Sy had a(n)
6.Which of the following statements regarding symptoms of heart attacks is FALSE?
A.Pain may radiate to the neck, jaw, left or right shoulder or arm.
B.An individual may feel a heavy weight or pressure feeling in the chest.
C.In large studies more women than men did not have chest pain or discomfort with their heart attack.
D.All symptoms occur in all cases; they are just not always recognized.
7.A blood clot that develops at a distant site and then travels to a blood vessel, where it becomes lodged and blocks blood flow, is called what?
8.Which of the following conditions, with sudden onset, is NOT a signal that a stroke has occurred?
A.difficulty with speech
or loss of vision in one eye
9.Which of the following statements about peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is FALSE?
A.PVD most often involves the muscles of the legs.
B.PVD is made worse by tobacco use.
C.PVD is a clue to advanced atherosclerosis.
D.PVD is often fatal in older adults.
10.Kevin woke up and had difficulty speaking.He went to the hospital and, several hours later, his speech was back to normal. What medical condition best describes Kevin’s situation?
B.transient ischemic attack
11.What is a condition in which the heart becomes scarred after a throat infection with a strain of streptococcus bacteria (strep throat)?
A.congestive heart failure
C.congenital heart disease
12.The optimal range for blood pressure level is
A.systolic–less than 120; diastolic–less than 80.
B.systolic–less than 130; diastolic–less than 85.
C.systolic–130 to 139; diastolic–85 to 89.
D.systolic–140 to 159; diastolic–90 to 99.
13.Which of the following ethnic population groups has the highest rate of hypertension?
14.Perhaps the most important noncontrollable risk factor for cardiovascular disease is
15.Which of the following is NOT one of the Chain of Survival steps developed by the American Red Cross?
A.early activation of emergency medical services
B.early advanced cardiac life support
D.early administration of aspirin
E.early cardiopulmonary resuscitation
16.Which of the following statements regarding differences between men and women with heart disease is FALSE?
A.Health providers may be less likely to think about heart disease in women than in men.
B.Women are more likely to have no symptoms prior to a heart attack.
C.Women are more likely to delay seeking treatment.
D.If a woman has a heart attack, she is less likely than a man to die from it.
17.Which of the following is NOT one of the major controllable risk factors known to increase the likelihood of cardiovascular disease?
D.high LDL cholesterol
18.Elevated levels of which type of lipoprotein are clearly associated with atherosclerosis?