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Chapter 1 – name_Chapter 7 – Metabolism: Transformations(5)
Updated:2011-08-28 Category:fat

c.a decrease in immune function.

d.a decrease in body temperature.

84.Which of the following is a characteristic of ketosis?

a.It may lead to a lowering of blood pH

b.It leads to increased appetite in most individuals

c.It may be alleviated quickly by ingestion of some dietary fat

d.It is a necessary physiological adjustment for maximum weight loss

85.Which of the following is classified as a ketone body?

a.Sorbitol

b.Pyruvate

c.Acetyl CoA

d.Acetoacetate

86.Adverse side effects of typical low-carbohydrate diets include all of the following except

a.fatigue.

b.nausea.

c.constipation.

d.high blood pressure.

87.Lillie has been losing weight by following a very-low-carbohydrate diet for 2 months. Her primary care physician just diagnosed ketosis through a urine sample. Which of the following symptoms would be another way the physician might have suspected ketosis in Lillie?

a.Thinning hair

b.Irritable temper

c.Fishy body odor

d.Fruity odor on breath

88.A person with fruity odor on the breath demonstrates evidence of metabolic

a.ketosis.

b.alkalosis.

c.transamination.

d.anaerobic breakdown.

89.What type of diet is associated with the development of ketosis?

a.Low fat

b.Low protein

c.Low carbohydrate

d.High carbohydrate

Questions for Section 7.4 Alcohol and Nutrition

90.The health benefits of moderate alcohol intake occur in people with a starting age (years) of

a.21.

b.35.

c.55.

d.65.

91.Binge drinking is defined as the successive consumption of

a.1-2 drinks.

b.4-5 drinks.

c.6-9 drinks.

d.more than 10 drinks.

92.Which of the following defines a moderate level of alcohol intake per day for the average-sized woman?

a.Up to 1 drink

b.Up to 2 drinks

c.Up to 3 drinks

d.Up to 5 drinks

93.Which of the following defines a moderate level of alcohol intake per day for the average-sized man?

a.Up to 1 drink

b.Up to 2 drinks

c.Up to 3 drinks

d.Up to 5 drinks

94.The chemical structure of ethanol consists of

a.4 carbons and 1 keto acid.

b.6 carbons and 2 double bonds.

c.2 carbons and 1 hydroxyl group.

d.3 carbons and 2 carbonyl groups.

95.With alcohol beverages, the ratio of proof to alcohol percentage is

a.1:1.

b.2:1.

c.4:1.

d.8:1.

96.The amount of ethanol in a typical “drink” is

a.0.5 ounce.

b.1 ounce.

c.1.5 ounces.

d.2 ounces.

97.Approximately how many kcal are contained in 3 ounces of 80-proof rum?

a.50

b.100

c.150

d.200

98.One average-sized can of beer contains about the same amount of alcohol as

a.½ ounce of rum.

b.½ quart of wine.

c.1½ ounces of vodka.

d.1 quart of wine cooler.

99.What is the percentage of ethanol in 120-proof scotch whiskey?

a.5

b.30

c.60

d.95

100.Which of the following is one explanation for the generally lower tolerance for alcohol in women in comparison to men?

a.Women fast more often

b.Women do not eat as much food with the alcohol

c.Women consume more of their alcohol in sweetened drinks

d.Women have lower amounts of stomach alcohol dehydrogenase

101.What organ is first to absorb alcohol after a person takes a drink?

a.Colon

b.Stomach

c.Jejunum

d.Duodenum

102.What is the primary organ that oxidizes alcohol?

a.Brain

b.Liver

c.Pancreas

d.Digestive tract

103.Which of the following is(are) best suited for slowing alcohol absorption?

a.Not eating

b.Protein snacks

c.Caffeine drinks

d.Carbohydrate snacks

104.The metabolism of alcohol begins in the

a.liver.

b.brain.

c.stomach.

d.intestines.

105.Which of the following is characteristic of alcohol absorption?

a.It is slowed when the stomach is full of food

b.It is increased when high-fat snacks are eaten

c.It is increased when carbohydrate snacks are eaten

d.It is lower in women than in men of the same body weight

106.Which of the following plays a major role in regulating the elimination of alcohol from the body?

a.Lung respiratory rate

b.Kidney antidiuretic hormone

c.Liver alcohol dehydrogenase

d.Brain acetaldehyde dehydrogenase

107.What is acetaldehyde?

a.An intermediate in fatty acid synthesis

b.An intermediate in alcohol metabolism

c.The first product of fatty acid catabolism

d.The TCA compound that combines with acetyl CoA

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